Many options are available to help keep an individual's blood glucose levels under control. If left uncontrolled, diabetes can result in blindness, amputation of limbs, and end-stage renal disease.

The Facts

1. Successful treatment involves lowering blood sugar levels to normal glucose blood levels, which usually fall in the range of 70 to 110 mg/dl before meals and lower than 180 mg/dl two hours after the start of the meal.

Diet and Exercise

2. Doctors recommend changing to a low-fat, low-calorie diet. Excess calories and fat trigger rises in blood sugar. Regular exercise is also important for controlling blood sugar. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-level exercise four days a week.

Anti-diabetic Medications

3. Diabetics may take one or many types of anti-diabetic medications in order to manage blood glucose levels. Such medications include oral remedies, such as Sulfonylurea, Metformin, and Thiazolidinediones or DPP-4 inhibitors, a new class of Type 2 drug that attempts to prevent the breakdown of GLP-1 in the gut.


4. If diet, exercise and antidiabetic medications do not lower blood sugar levels to normal ranges, doctors recommend insulin shots and/or insulin inhalables to treat the disease.

Herbal Remedies

5. Herbal remedies lower blood sugar levels by improving the body's ability to metabolize insulin. Cinnamon has shown promise in managing blood sugar. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Beltsville Human Nutrition Center isolated insulin-enhancing properties in cinnamon that can alleviate or prevent glucose intolerances.

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